Ummul Mu’mineen Umm Salamah رضي الله عنها

Her real name was Hind; while her title was Umm Salamah رضي الله عنها  . She  came from the family of Makhzoom, which belongs to the Quraysh tribe. Her father’s name was Abu Mugheerah Ibn ‘Abdullaah Ibn ‘Umar Ibn Makhzoom and her mother was ‘Aatikah Bint ‘Aamir who belonged to the family of Faraas.

Umm Salamah  رضي الله عنها first married to her cousin Abu Salamah Ibn ‘Abdul-Asad. He was a young man with exceptionally good nature and unblemished conduct. It was improbable for this young man of exceptionally lofty morals to remain unmoved by the noble and life-giving message of the Noble Prophet, Muhammad sallalaahu alayhi wa sallam.

Defying his tribesmen, Abu Salamah رضي الله عنها embraced the new faith and entered the fold of Islam. Umm Salamah رضي الله عنها followed suit.

Thus, the couple joined the rank of those noble souls, who had won the unique distinction of embracing the new faith in its early phase.

These noble souls suffered all kinds of hardships and harassment in the cause of Islam, but they did not budge even an inch from the right path. As the number of the people who had embraced the new life-giving faith increased, the persecution and torture meted out to them also increased in intensity.

When this persecution reached intolerable levels, the Noble Prophet sallalaahu alayhi wa sallam gave permission to his followers to migrate to Abyssinia, which was ruled at that time by a kind-hearted king, in order to protect their lives and preserve their religion. According to an authentic narration, Abu Salamah رضي الله عنها and Umm Salamah رضي الله عنها who has already entered the fold of Islam, also migrated to Abyssinia. They  came back to Makkah after spending some time in exile. From Makkah, they  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  them left for Madeenah on their second migration. Those days, Abu Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  himhad only one camel with him. He they  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him seated Umm Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her and his young son, Salamah, at the saddle. Holding the reins of his camel, he  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him started his long journey on foot.

When her family came to know about the couple’s planned destination, they intercepted the camel and told Abu Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him that he could proceed, but they would not allow their daughter (Umm Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her). They took away the reins of the camel from Abu Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him and forced Umm Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her to dismount. In the meantime, Banu ‘Abdul-Asad, the members of Abu Salamah’s clan, appeared on the scene and snatched Umm Salamah’s child from his mother and threatened Banu Mugheerah that if they did not allow their daughter to accompany her husband, they would also not allow the child to accompany his mother. As for Abu Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him they said that he was free to go anywhere liked.

By this time, the Noble Prophet, sallalaahu alayhi wa sallam, had given permission to his Companions  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  them to migrate to Madeenah, where they could live in peace and safety from the torture of Quraysh. Abu Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him left for Madeenah, leaving his wife and child behind. Umm Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her was staying with Banu Mugheerah while her child was in the custody of Banu ‘Abdul-Asad. Thus, the three of them – the father, the mother and the child – were undergoing the pain of living separately.

Umm Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her was grief-stricken due the separation from her child and husband. Everyday she  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her would go and sit forlorn on a hillock, crying and longing to join her husband and son. A whole one year passed like this.

One day, a kind-hearted and influential man from the clan of Banu Mugheerah saw her pathetic condition and was moved by her agony. He called out the people of his tribe and said: “This woman is our own flesh and blood, how long will we keep her away from her husband and child? By Allaah! Our tribe is very brave and honorable; we can’t tolerate persecution of innocent people.”

Hearing this, her tribesmen gave permission to Umm Salamah they  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her to join her husband in Madeenah. When Banu ‘Abdul-Asad heard of this, they also took pity and sent her child, Salamah, to her. She  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her took the child and a camel to ride alone to Madeenah. At At-Tan’eem (in the outskirts of Makkah), she met ‘Uthmaan Ibn Talhah Ibn Abu Talhah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him a chivalrous and decent man of Makkah. When he saw Umm Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her traveling alone with a small baby, he thought: “How unbecoming of me, if I did not escort this lonely woman traveler of Quraysh to Madeenah!”

He  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him took the reins of Umm Salamah’s camel and started for Madeenah. Whenever they stopped on the way, ‘Uthmaan  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him would withdraw to rest under the shade of a tree. When they reached Qubaa’, where Abu Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him was staying, ‘Uthmaan  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him returned to Makkah and Umm Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her rejoined her husband, who thanked Allaah for once again reuniting his family.

Umm Salmah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her always remained grateful to ‘Uthmaan  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him for his thoughtful and kind gesture. She  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her used to say: “I have never seen a more gallant and compassionate man than ‘Uthmaan Ibn Talhah.”
________________________




Her widowhood and marriage to the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention )
In the third year of Hijrah (Migration of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) from Makkah to Madeenah), Abu Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him fought in the Battle of Uhud. In that historic and crucial battle, his arm was wounded by a poisoned arrow shot by the enemy. He  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  himlater recovered after treatment, but could survive only for a few months. His wound relapsed and ultimately he  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him died.

Umm Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her was immensely grief-stricken at the demise of her loving husband. When the Prophet, sallalaahu alayhi wa sallam, heard about this, he sallalaahu alayhi wa sallam went to offer condolences to her  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her and asked her to have patience and bear the calamity with fortitude.

According to one narration, when the Prophet sallalaahu alayhi wa sallam paid a condolence visit to Umm Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her after the death of her husband, he sallalaahu alayhi wa sallam asked her to pray Allaah to grant Abu Salamah the lofty rank of the righteous and grant her a better husband than him.

At this, Umm Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her wondered who could be a better husband for her than Abu Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him. Seeing the forlorn state of Umm Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her after she was widowed, Abu Bakr  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him sent her a proposal for marriage, which Umm Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  herdeclined.

The Prophet, sallalaahu alayhi wa sallam, was greatly impressed with the courage, which Umm Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her displayed in facing the misfortunes and adversities of life. He sallalaahu alayhi wa sallam was also highly moved for her tragic situation and sent the proposal for marriage to her through ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him. Umm Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her consented, and in Shawwal, the 4th year of Hijrah, her marriage to the Noble Prophet, sallalaahu  alayhi wa sallam, took place.

A Historical example of her wisdom
In the 6th Hijrah year, the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) accompanied by his 1,400 companions  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  them decided to perform ‘Umrah (minor Pilgrimage). When Quraysh learned about this, they decided to stop the Muslims from performing the pilgrimage; but when the Muslims decided to fight them they feared and signed a treaty with the Muslims, which consisted of several terms and conditions which appeared to be unfair for the Muslims as it prevented them from performing ‘Umrah that year.

The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) accepted these conditions in adherence to the Divine Command instructing him  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) to do so. Then the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) ordered the Muslims to slaughter animals in sacrifice (indicating the end of the ‘Umrah rites). But the Muslims hesitated in offering the sacrifice, which grieved the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ).

Umm Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her who was with the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) on this journey, heard this and suggested to the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) to offer the sacrifice, shave his head and take off the Ihraam. The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) did so acting on her advice. When the companions  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  themsaw that the Prophet’s command was irrevocable, they at once sacrificed their animals and shaved their heads.

Her character:
Umm Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her led a very simple and austere life. She  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her was a devout worshiper. Every month, she  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her fasted for three days (other than the fasting of Ramadhaan). Once, she  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her wore a necklace, which had a little amount of gold in it. The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) did not like her wearing even this little amount of gold. So Umm Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her immediately took it out.

Umm Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her was very generous. She  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her implored others also to give away in the cause of Allaah. Whatever she  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  herhad, she  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her would readily give away to a beggar or a needy person.

Once, a few destitute people came to her begging for charity importunately. Umm Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her ordered her maid not to send them back empty-handed, and if there was nothing in the houses, she should give them just a few dates.

Umm Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her has narrated 378 Hadeeths of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ). In moral excellence and nobility of conduct, she ranks, among the Prophet’s wives, next only to ‘Aa’ishah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her. She  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her was an excellent reciter of the Quran, and her style was much similar to the Prophet’s. She  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her was endowed with exceptionally beautiful countenance, deep knowledge, intelligence and sound judgment.
Her death:

After a life filled with faith and righteous deeds, the Mother of the Believers, Umm Salamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her died in the year 61 A.H., aged 84 and the venerable Companion, Abu Hurayrah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him led the people in her funeral prayer, after which she  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her was buried in Al-Baqee’ Cemetery in Madeenah.

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About MuQeet

This is MuQeet. Author. Educator. Soft Skill Trainer. Freelancer. Editor. YasSarNalQuR'aN is my primary blog. There are two other amazing blogs: www.Muqith.wordpress.com and www.IslamCalling.wordpress.com Subscribe if you wish to stay connected, InshaaAllah. Thank you.
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